# 3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

**Career Preparation 1997**B-1: Learn about a personally interesting career topic.

C-3: Academic knowledge and skills required in specific careers.

**Career and Education Development 2007**A4. Career and Life Roles

B2. Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century

B3. Education and Career Information

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts

**The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 **cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.) All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in *History of Navigation*, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

__Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment__

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s *Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum* uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual __curriculum__. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time. In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a __resource__ for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The *History of Navigation* chapter on the website does not directly correspond to a History Kit; however, the Kit called “The Explorers Come to Maine” includes some material on navigation.

**Mathematics 1997**F-2: Appropriate measuring tools and units of measurement.

H-1: Simple formulas in problem-solving contexts.

**Mathematics 2007***Grade 3*

A4. Fractions

B1. Measurement of time and temperature

C1. Two-dimensional shapes

C2. Find distance around a figure*Grade 4*

A4. Fractions

A5. Decimals

B1. Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature

C1. Identify and name angles, lines, relationships between lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles

C2. Area of a figure

C3. Congruent figures and line symmetry in figures

D3. Relationships between quantities and extension of sequences*Grade 5*A4. Fractions

A5. Decimals

B1. Measurement of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight

C1. Solid figures

C2. Area of triangles and quadrilaterals

C3. Volume and surface area of rectangular prisms

C4. Describe position and direction in two dimensions

D3. Analyze relationships between quantities

**Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012**

Grade 3:

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division

*Number and Operations in Base Ten*

- Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

- Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

*Measurement and Data*

- Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time
- Represent and interpret data
- Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition
- Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures

*Geometry*

- Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems

*Number and Operations in Base Ten*

- Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

*Number and Operations—Fractions*

- Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions

*Measurement and Data*

- Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
- Represent and interpret data
- Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles

Geometry

*Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and*angles

Grade 5:

*Operations and Algebraic Thinking*

- Write and interpret numerical expressions

*Number and Operations in Base Ten*

- Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

*Number and Operations—Fractions*

- Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

*Measurement and Data*

- Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
- Represent and interpret data

**Science and Technology 1997**G-1: Relative positions of the sun, moon, and planets.

G-3: Earth’s rotation on its axis and its revolution around the sun.

G-4: Relationship between the earth and its moon.

J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.

J-6: How different conclusions can be derived from the same data.

K-1: Alternative explanations for observed phenomena.

M-1: How cultures have found different technological solutions to deal with similar needs or problems.

M-2: Role of scientists and inventors.

M-3: How technology has altered human settlement.

**Science and Technology 2007 **A2. Models

A3. Constancy and change

A4. Scale

B1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry

B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design

C2. Understandings about Science and Technology

C3. Science, Technology, and Society

D1. Universe and Solar System

D4. Force and Motion

**Social Studies 1997**

*History*

A-1: Similarities and differences in characteristics of individuals who have made significant contributions to society in different eras.

*Geography*

A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the U. S., and regions of the world; interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.

**Visual and Performing Arts 1997**B-1: Recognize selected major periods of the visual and performing arts; identify major artists and their work.

**Visual and Performing Arts 2007**E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures

E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines