# 5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Note that the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

**Career Preparation 1997**

A-4: Relationship among personal interests, skills and abilities, and career research.

B-1: Develop a personal portfolio that contains critical personal, educational, and career information.

B-2: Compare workplace environments and education required for different occupations.

C-2: Research recent technological developments and predict their possible spin-offs.

D-1: How critical factors such as history, the environment, the economy, or personal characteristics affect individual and family choices.

**Career and Education Development 2007**B2. Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century

B3. Education and Career Information

C4. Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

**Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012**

__Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies__

*Key Ideas and Details*

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

*Craft and Structure*

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

*Integration of Knowledge and Ideas*

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

__Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies__

*Text Types and Purposes*

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

*Research to Build and Present Knowledge*

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

**Mathematics 1997**E-3: Coordinate system to define and locate position.

F-1: Structure and use of systems of measurement.

F-2: Concepts that can be measured directly, or indirectly (e.g., the concept of rate.)

F-3: Length, area, volume, and the corresponding units, square units, and cubic units of measure.

G-1: Relationships: tables, graphs, and equations.

G-2: How a change in one quantity can result in a change in another.

I-1: Patterns in the world; express patterns with rules.

J-1: Reasoning using models, known facts, properties, and relationships.

J-2: Multiple paths to a conclusion.

K-1: Relationships in algebraic notation.

K-2: Statistics, tables, and graphs; communicate ideas and information in presentations; analyze presentations of others for bias or deceptive presentation.

**Mathematics 2007***Grade 6*A2. Fractions and decimals

B1. Convert within measurement systems

C2. Perimeters and areas of geometric figures

C5. Proportional relationships: indirect linear measurements; scale drawings: linear measurements

D3. Analyze relationships between quantities

*Grade 7*

A3. Ratio and proportion

C1. Angle properties of lines in the plane

C2. Perimeter and area

C3. Use scale drawings to enlarge or reduce plane figures

D3. Directly proportional relationships

*Grade 8*

A3. Ratio and proportion

C1. Properties of polygons

C2. Angle properties of parallel lines

C3. Pythagorean Theorem

D4. Properties of linear relationships

**Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012**

Grade 6:

*Ratios and Proportional Relationships*

- Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

*Expressions and Equations*

- Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions

*Geometry*

- Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Grade 7:

*Ratios and Proportional Relationships*

- Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

*Expressions and Equations*

- Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations

*Geometry*

- Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them
- Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Grade 8:

*Expressions and Equations*

- Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations

*Geometry*

- Understand congruence and similarity
- Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem
- Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres

**Science and Technology 1997**F-1: How the earth’s tilt on its axis results in the seasons.

G-1: Past and present knowledge about characteristics of stars; explain how people have learned about them.

G-2: Concept of galaxies, including size and number of stars.

G-3: Compare and contrast distances and time required to travel distances on earth, in the solar system, in the galaxy, and between galaxies.

G-5: Motions of moons, planets, stars, solar systems, and galaxies.

I-2: Describe the motion of objects.

J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.

J-5: How personal bias can affect observations.

K-1: Ways people form generalizations.

K-7: Show that proving a hypothesis false is easier than proving it true, and explain why.

K-8: Construct logical arguments.

L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models; represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.

M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.

M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery; analyze societal impacts of that invention.

M-8: Scientific and technological contributions of diverse people: women, different ethnic groups, races, and physically disabled.

**Science and Technology 2007**A1. Systems

A2. Models

A3. Constancy and Change

A4. Scale

B1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry

B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design

C3. Science, Technology, and Society

C4. History and Nature of Science

D1. Universe and Solar System

D2. Earth

D4. Force and Motion

**Social Studies 1997**

*History*

A-2: Sequence of major events and people in the history of Maine, the U. S., and selected world civilizations.

B-2: Selected themes in Maine, U. S., and world history.

B-3: Selected turning points in ancient and medieval world history; continuing influence of major civilizations of the past.

*Geography*

A-2: Maps, globes, charts, models, and databases; geographical patterns on earth.

Economics 1997

D-1: How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade over time.

**Social Studies 2007**

*Economics*

C1. Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics

Geography

D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography

*History*

E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns

E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

**Visual and Performing Arts 1997**A-1: How the arts originate from human experience, are a communal experience, and encourage kinship with others.

B-2: Characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.

C-5: Evaluate work, from their own and other cultures and historical periods, that uses arts elements and principles to persuade and influence.

**Visual and Performing Arts 2007**E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures

E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines