K-2 Learning Results

 K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
C-2: Effects of technology on where people live, communication, travel, and acquiring goods and services.

Career and Education Development  2007
A4. Career and Life Roles

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Life at Sea, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Life at Sea.

Health and Physical Education  1997
Health Education
A-2: Transmission and prevention of communicable diseases.
C-3: Healthful foods.
Physical Education 
B-5: Adapt and adjust movement skills to uncomplicated, changing, environmental conditions and expectations.

Health and Physical Education  2007
G1.   Stability and Force
G2.   Movement Skills

Mathematics  1997
A-2: Uses of numbers (e.g., prices, recipes, measurement, directions in play).
C-1: Collecting, arranging, and interpreting data.
E-3: Positional words to describe the relationship of objects (e.g., over, under, beside, to the left).
F-1: Length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity.
G-1: Recognize, describe, extend, copy, and create patterns.

Mathematics  2007
A1.   Number notation and place value to 1000
B1.   Units of time, temperature and money
B2.   Picture graphs
C1.   Geometric figures in two or three dimensions
C2.   Measure length and capacity
D3.   Patterns

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Kindergarten:

Counting and Cardinality

  • Know number names and the count sequence
  • Count to tell the number of objects
  • Compare numbers

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Work with numbers 11 -1 9 to gain foundations for place value

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category

Geometry

  • Identify and describe shapes
  • Analyze, compare, create and compose shapes

Grade One:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Tell and write time
  • Represent and interpret data

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Add and subtract within 20

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Tell and write time
  • Represent and interpret data

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Science and Technology  1997
C-4: Examples of causes of diseases.
E-2: Physical properties of objects.
F-1: How weather changes.
F-3: Changes caused by water, snow, wind, and ice.
I-1: Describe the motion of an object.
I-2: Demonstrate that motion of an object can be changed.
L-2: Read and write instructions to be followed or instructions which explain procedures.
L-5: Simple graphs.
M-2: Two inventions, what they do, how they work, and how they have made life easier.
M-5: How their lives would be different without specific inventions or scientific knowledge.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
C2.   Understands about Science and Technology
D4.   Force and Motion
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997
Civics and Government
B-1: Understand that all nations have governments.
D-1: Recognize that there are other nations with different traditions and practices.
History
A-1: Place individual and family experiences in historical time and place.
B-1: Demonstrate an understanding of the similarities between families now and in the past, including daily life.
B-2: Understanding of cultural origins of customs and beliefs in several places around the world.
C-1: Artifacts and documents to gather information about the past.
Geography
A-1: Maps and other visuals to describe geographic location, direction, size and shape.
B-1: Human and physical characteristics of the immediate environment.
Economics
A-1: Identify goods and services. B-1: Explain consumer and product.
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: Where products come from and how we use them.

Social Studies  2007
Civics and Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
Economics
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
Geography
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
History
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-6: Perform and/or listen to a number of pieces on a given theme and create a variation.
A-9: Arts in daily experiences.
B-2: Common subjects and central ideas in works from different cultures.
B-5: Original works that integrate characteristics and purposes of artworks from different cultures (include own community and culture).
C-2: Qualities of works of art, music, dance, and drama in relation to the senses of sight, hearing, movement, and feeling.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
Music
A1.   Music Difficulty
A3.   Listening and Describing
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
B1.   Media Skills
D1.   Aesthetics and Criticism
General
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines