Ideas to try....
Children may not think of Maine in 1600 as having any “technology.” Discuss what the word technology means, and how it means different things in different time periods. Find some examples of both Native American and European technology that were used for similar tasks, such as building vessels, hunting, catching fish, and constructing dwellings. How did different technologies affect the lifestyles of these two groups? Consider the environmental impacts of Native American and European technologies. Which group took better care of the natural resources?
Language and Culture
Many books and stories are available about, and by, Native Americans. Some (see Resource List) have Passamaquoddy, English, and French text. Explore these in more detail, finding out more about Native American languages. Language is an integral part of culture, and is interesting to include in the study of other aspects of Native American culture, both past and present. When English explorers and settlers came to Maine they brought their own language and culture. Learn more about England of 400 years ago. Compare governments as well as other characteristics.
Native Americans passed along information through an oral tradition, whereas Europeans used written language. Try telling the same story both ways, then think about the differences between storytelling and writing. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method for sharing stories, ideas, and reports of events?
Study Native American legends. Legends explain natural phenomena that also can be explained through scientific study. Compare to Greek myths or stories from other cultures.
Native American crafts, such as beadwork and basketry, can reinforce goals in mathematics, providing opportunities for exploring patterns, geometric forms, measurement, and counting.
Learn more about Native American arts, including dance, music, storytelling, and the visual arts. Compare and contrast with European art forms in 1600. What purposes did the arts serve in Native life?
In the 17th century, neither the Native Americans nor the Europeans knew what caused disease. Native Americans died from common European diseases because they had never had the opportunity to build up immunities. Study the concepts of immunity, bacteria, viruses, and health.
Social Studies and Perspective
Tell the story of the English explorer George Waymouth from the viewpoint of an English sailor and from the viewpoint of a Native American. Discuss the concept of perspective and how the same event may seem very different depending on the teller.
Maps of Maine looked different in 1605, when Waymouth came on his journey. Trace the routes of other explorers. Native Americans approached mapping by considering land use, travel time, seasonal movements, and physical markers on the land. English explorers and settlers thought in terms of ownership. Try to make a simple map in both styles.
What goods and services did the Native Americans provide to the English? What did they receive in return? How did trade affect the Natives?