5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results divide grade groupings into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, while the 2007 Learning Results divide grades into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Workplace environments and education required for different occupations.

Career and Educational Development  2007  (Grades 6-8)
B1.   Relationships among Learning, Work, the Community, and the Global Economy 
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
C1.   The Planning Process
C2.   Decision-Making
C3.   Influences on Decision-Making
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 6-8)
Health Education
D-3: Effects of technology on personal and family health.

Health and Physical Education  2007  (Grades 6-8)
I1.   Cooperative Skills

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-1: Operations with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, sets of numbers, and percents.
B-2: Multi-step, real-life problems including ratio and proportion.
E-2: Geometric properties: real-life problems involving regular and irregular shapes.
E-3: Coordinate system to define and locate position.
F-1: Structure and use of systems of measurement.
F-2:  Concepts measured directly or indirectly.
F-3: Length, area, volume, and the corresponding units, square units, and cubic units.
G-1: Relationships: tables, graphs, and equations.

Mathematics   2007  (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2.   Fractions as decimals
A3.   Add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions and decimals
A4.   Express relative quantities as percentages and decimals
B1.   Convert within measurement systems
B2.   Pie charts
B3.   Mean, median, mode, and range
C1.   Represent solid figures in two dimensions
C2.   Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C3.   Volume and surface areas of right prisms with triangle/quadrilateral bases
C4.   Congruent plane figures
C5.   Proportional relationships for indirect linear measurements and scale drawings to make linear measurements
D3.   Relationships between quantities
Grade 7
A1.   Integers, fractions, and decimals
A3.   Ratio and proportion
A4.   Percents
B1.   Graphs and Charts
C1.   Angle properties of lines in the plane
C2.   Solve problems involving perimeter and area
C3.   Scale drawings
D3.   Proportional relationships
Grade 8
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert across and within measurement systems
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range, and quartiles
C1.   Properties of polygons
C2.   Angle properties of parallel lines
C4.   Volume and surface area prisms, pyramids, and cylinders
D4.   Linear relationships

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

Geometry

  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations

Geometry

  • Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Grade 8:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations

Geometry

  • Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Science and Technology  1997  (Grades 5-8)
E-1: Predict and test: objects float or sink based on qualitative/quantitative understanding of density and buoyancy.
H-1: Benefits and drawbacks of energy conversions.
H-5: Categorize energy sources: renewable or non-renewable; how these systems are used by humans.
I-3: Motion of objects (e.g., speed, distance, time, acceleration).
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
J-2: Scientific investigations: include controlled experiments and systematic observations; collect and analyze data; draw conclusions fairly.
L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models: represent objects, find locations, and describe relationships.
M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery; analyze societal impacts of that invention.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
D3.   Matter and Energy
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 5-8)
History
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and connections to Maine history with an emphasis on events up to 1877.
B-2: Selected themes in Maine, U. S., and world history.
C-5: Historical questions based on examination of primary and secondary sources including documents, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, real or simulated historical sites, charts, graphs, diagrams, and written texts.
Geography
B-1: How technology shapes physical and human characteristics of places and regions, including Maine.
Economics
B-1: Economic concepts of supply, demand, price, role of money, and profit and loss.  B-4: Impact that major events and technological advancements have had on the Maine economy and predict future economic trends and career opportunities.
D-1: How changes in transportation technologies have affected trade over time.
D-2: How world trade issues can affect a nation’s economy and how trade can influence and transform societies.
D-3: Why trade allows specialization; how nations specialize.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Applications
A1. Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2. Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3. Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Economics
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
Geography
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
History
E1.   Historic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 5-8)
A-1: How the arts originate from human experience, are a communal experience, and encourage kinship with others.
A-4: Resources, materials, and techniques to design and execute art works.
A-5: Investigate the work of a professional who has an arts component within his/her work environment.
B-2: Characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
A3.   Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.   Media Skills
B2.   Composition Skills
C1.   Application of Creative Process
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines

Grades 5-8