Geographic Locations

Maine 17th Century Settlements

17th century settlements along the Maine Coast from St. Croix in 1604 to Wells in 1640.

From The Maine Bicentennial Atlas: An Historical Survey, 1976. Courtesy of Maine Historical Society.

Explorers 2: Walker to John Smith

Map of early European exploration along the Maine Coast.

This map shows the routes of Walker in 1500, Pring in 1603, Waymouth in 1605, Pring and Hanham in 1606, Raleigh Gilbert in 1607-08 and John Smith in 1614. Recent research indicates that Waymouth is likely to have gone up Penobscot Bay and River to Bangor.

From The Maine Bicentennial Atlas: An Historical Survey, 1976. Courtesy of Maine Historical Society.

Explorers 1: Cabot to Champlain

Map of early European exploration along the Maine Coast. This map shows the routes of Cabot in 1498, Verrazano in 1524, Gomez in 1525, Ferdinando in 1579 and Champlain in 1604 and 1605. Early routes have been interpreted from explorers accounts, while Champlain left maps.

From The Maine Bicentennial Atlas: An Historical Survey, 1976. Courtesy of Maine Historical Society.

Majabigwaduce, the Bagaduce River

From Fanny Eckstorm's book, Indian Place-Names of the Penobscot Valley and the Maine Coast, 1941.

Majabigwaduce was the Penobscot name for what is now known as the Bagaduce River at and above Castine.

Map of New England 1700

Johannes van Keulen succeeded a generation of earlier Dutch cartographers. In 1681, he published the first part of his five volume Sea Atlas; it appeared in further editions, carried on by his son. This chart shows the fishing banks in the Gulf of Maine and details the coast between Cape Cod and Cape Sable.

Map of New England: Pas-Kaart Vande Zee Kusten inde Boght van Niew Engeland Tusschen de Staaten Hoek en C. de Sable.

John Smith's Map of New England, 1616

John Smith was the first Englishman to make usable maps of the Maine Coast.  This map also has a good portrait of the explorer. 

Much of his mapping was based on descriptive information from the inhabitants of New England. 

This map and description was the basis for New England colonization, with its aim to encourage colonies. In it Smith coined the name New England. Some of the names for the royal family were given by Prince Charles (later Charles I). Smith named the Isles of Shoals off New Hampshire for himself.

Cape Cod to Penobscot Bay ca. 1655

Detail of map showing eastern New England, from Rhode Island to Penobscot Bay and Norumbega. 

From VISSCHER, Nicolaas Jansz , Map of New Belgium, New England and Virginia, first published in 1655 with editions up to 1727, published in Amsterdam. 

Like all maps of that era, titles were in Latin:

"NOVI BELGII / NOVÆQUE ANGLIÆ NEC NON / PARTIS / VIRGINIÆ TABULA / multis in locis emendata a / Nicolao Joannis Visscher"

Maine Native Settlements and Trading Posts

Map of the general location of the Maine Indian tribes and the trading posts, along the Maine coast, as depicted in The Maine Bicentennial Atlas: An Historical Survey, 1976. Courtesy of Maine Historical Society.

James Rosier, "A True Relation..." 1605

The title page shows the book's name to be "A True Relation of the most prosperous voyage made this present year 1605 by Captaine George Waymouth in the Discovery of the land of Virginia," 1605, by James Rosier.

This is the first extensive English account describing the residents of Maine.

Champlain Map of North America 1612

Samuel de Champlain made 12 voyages to New England and Canada between 1603 and 1635. He mapped and published his findings and made the first useful maps of the Maine coast. On his 1603 trip he explored up and mapped the St. Lawrence River. From 1605-1606 he explored the Maine Coast. In 1608 he explored what is now Lake Champlain and in 1611 ascended the St. Lawrence to what is now Montreal. 

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