Schooners like the Annie & Reuben carried most of the granite quarried on the Maine coast during the nineteenth century. Though not as dangerous a cargo as lime, granite was so heavy that its weight could wear down a vessel, shortening its life and opening its seams.
Annie & Reuben was built in 1891 in the backyard of lumberman Reuben S. Hunt's house in Bath and named for his two children.
She was bought by John I. Goss & Co. of Deer Isle for their Crotch Island quarry, to carry stone primarily to Boston.
Tug Bismark off Odom's Ledge, Fort Point, towing six schooners up the Penobscot River to Bangor.
The 103' Bismark was built in Philadelphia in 1888 for the Ross and Howell Penobscot RIver fleet, by the Chas. Hillman Company, with a compound (two cylinder) engine by well known engine builder Neafie and Levy. She was the most popular towboat on the Penobscot, powerful and smooth. Her career ended in New York Harbor after being sold in 1910 along with a number of other Penobscot tugs.
Tern schooner (3-masted schooner) with a load of lumber, including a large deckload. Since lumber floated, masters were not as concerned about overloading as they were with other cargoes. Schooners like this one were frequently loaded so that water was almost at deck level. Lumber came into Belfast for shipbuilding, building construction, and for the Matthews Brothers business of making doors and windows.
The November 1898 "Portland Gale" forced the schooner Bertha E. Glover into Martha's Vineyard while carrying a cargo of lime. She sprung a leak; water got into the cargo, and it began to burn. The ship was lost as a result of the lime cargo getting wet. The vessel had been rebuilt in Rockland in 1882 for the lime trade.
Preliminary Geological Map of Maine, showing soil and rock types. Note especially the avacado green line that extends from Thomaston almost to Camden; that is limestone. Also, the pink with red flecks on the map shows where there is granite. Note the granite from St. George, across Penobscot Bay to the southern part of Vinalhaven, on to the Stonington area. Also, there are significant granite resources in northern Penobscot Bay, where there were quarries in the Mt. Waldo area of Frankfort.