The November 1898 "Portland Gale" forced the schooner Bertha E. Glover into Martha's Vineyard while carrying a cargo of lime. She sprung a leak; water got into the cargo, and it began to burn. The ship was lost as a result of the lime cargo getting wet. The vessel had been rebuilt in Rockland in 1882 for the lime trade.
Dougherty lime quarry in Rockland was one of a number of quarries in the Rockland / Camden area. The steam engine in the bottom of the quarry could power air compressors to drive air drills or cranes to hoist out the cut stone.
Lobster pounds are fenced off areas of water where lobsters can be stored while awaiting transportation or a better market. In this 1926 view of a Hancock, Maine, lobster pound, the fence can be seen; men in the foreground are netting up lobsters which can be stored in compartments in the float they are standing on to make them easier to retrieve for shipping. Many lobster pounds are quite large and need boats so that the operator can get around. Here they have a few dories and also a winch set up to help haul in a net.
Today lobster pot buoys are made of a hard flotation foam and bought at marine supply stores. Fifty years ago, they were made of wood and had to be turned round on a lathe to give them their shape. Earlier buoys were carved by hand using a hatchet from squared off pieces of wood.
Lobster fishing from a dory. Note that the header, or the net opening for lobsters to enter the trap, is at the end of the trap rather than on the sides. There is a mackerel seine boat in the background, steered with a steering oar, along with a nest of more seine boats. In the background a number of fishing schooners lie along a fish pier. This photograph was likely staged, and was taken in Gloucester Harbor, Massachusetts.
Hoop nets were used in lobster fishing before wooden lath pots were developed. They were set flat on the bottom with bait attached in the middle of the hoop. These pots needed to be tended frequently, as the bait was the only thing keeping the lobster from leaving.