K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-2: Strengths and interests required in a job, at home, at school, or in the community.
A-3: Local career opportunities.
D-3: Importance of conservation of resources.

Career and Education Development  2007
A4.   Career and Life Roles

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Working the Bay, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Work Around the Bay.

 

Mathematics  1997
A-2: Uses of numbers (prices, recipes, directions in play).
E-1: Describe, model, and classify 2-D shapes and selected 3-D figures.
E-3: Positional words to describe relationships of 2 or more objects.
F-1: Length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity.
G-1: Recognize, describe, extend, copy, and create patterns.
I-1: Classify sets of objects using attributes.

Mathematics  2007
A1.   Number notation and place value to 1000
A2.   Add and subtract
A3.   Fractions
B1.   Units of time, temperature, and money
B2.   Picture graphs
C1.   Geometric figures
C2.   Measure length and capacity
D3.   Patterns

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Kindergarten:

Counting and Cardinality

  • Know number names and the count sequence
  • Count to tell the number of objects
  • Compare numbers

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Understand addition and subtraction

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Work with numbers 11 – 19 to gain foundations for place value

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category

Geometry

  • Identify and describe shapes
  • Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes

Grade 1

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction
  • Add and subtract within 20
  • Work with addition and subtraction equations

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure length indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Represent and interpret data

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Add and subtract within 20
  • Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundation for multiplication

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure and estimate lengths in standard units
  • Relate addition and subtraction to length
  • Work with time and money
  • Represent and interpret data

Geometry

  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Science and Technology  1997
A-2: Characteristics of different living things.
A-4: Classification system for objects.
B-1: Ways organisms depend on their environment.
B-3: How one change in a system affects other parts of the system.
B-5: Familiar local environment.
C-3: How magnifying devices allow one to see in more detail.
E-2: Physical properties of objects.
F-1: Way weather changes.
L-1: Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size weight, color, and behavior.
L-5: Make and read simple graphs.
M-2: Describe inventions, what they do, how they work, and how they have made life easier.
M-3: Commonly used resources, their sources, and where waste products go.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
D2.   Earth   
D3.   Matter and Energy
D4.   Force and Motion
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems
E5.   Evolution

Social Studies  1997
History
B-1: Similarities between families now and in the past.
C-1: Artifacts and documents to gather information about the past.
Geography
A-1: Use and construct maps and other visuals.
B-1: Human and physical characteristics of the immediate environment.
Economics
B-1: Explain the terms consumer and product.
D-1: Explain where products come from and how we use them.

Social Studies  2007
Applications
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies issues
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
Economics
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
Geography
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
History
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-10: Demonstrate ways the arts can be used in interdisciplinary activities.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines