3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results groupings are Grades 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results are grouped into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation 1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Understanding the connections between locally generated products and services and the efforts required to create them.
B-1: Learn about a personally interesting career topic.
C-1: Illustrate how products evolve as a result of technological systems.

Career and Education Development  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A4.  Career and Life Roles
B2.  Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
B3.  Education and Career Information
C1.  The Planning Process

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Maine’s Fisheries, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Units most closely aligned with this web chapter are Maine's Fisheries: The Fin Fish and Lobsters and Other Shellfish.

Health and Physical Education 1997 (Grades 3-4)
Health Education
A-1: Relationship between healthy practices and personal health.
A-7: Basic health concepts.
D-3: Ways technology affects personal health.
Physical Fitness
A-6: Potential risks of physical activities.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1.  Healthy Behaviors and Personal Health
A6.  Basic Health Concepts
B1.  Healthy Information, Products, and Services: Validity of Resources
B2.  Locating Health Resources
C1.  Health Promotion and Risk Reduction: Healthy Practices and Behaviors
D1.  Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors

Mathematics 1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-1: Read, compare, order, classify, and explain whole numbers: to one million.
C-1: Generalizations and conclusions using various types of graphs, charts, and tables.
C-2: Read and interpret displays of data.
F-1: Solve real-life problems using measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
F-2: Measuring tools and units of measurement appropriate to what is being measured.
K-1: Simple tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in presentations.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
A1. Number notation and place value to 10,000
A2. Add and subtract whole numbers with up to 4 digits
A3. Multiplication and division
A4. Fractions
B1. Measurement of time and temperature
B2.  Bar graphs
Grade 4
A1. Number notation and place value to 100,000
A3. Multiplication and division
A4. Fractions
A5. Decimals
B1. Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2. Data displays
C2. Area of a figure
Grade 5
A1: Number notation to 10 million
A2. Multiplication and division
A3. Problems with multiple operations
A4. Fractions
A5. Decimals
B1. Measures of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2. Line graphs
B3. Median, mode, and range
C4. Describe position and direction in two dimensions

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Understand decimal notation for fractions and compare decimal fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larget unit to a smaller unit
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles
  • Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hendredths

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition

Science and Technology  1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-1: Group the same organisms in different ways using different characteristics.
A-2: Design a classification system for organisms.
A-3: Describe living things within a given habitat.
A-4: Compare and contrast life cycles, behavior, and structure of different organisms.
B-1: Describe a food web and the relationships within a given ecosystem.
B-2: Explain and give examples of producers (e.g., green plants), consumers (e.g., those that eat green plants), and decomposers (e.g., bacteria that break down the consumers when they die.)
B-3: Compare and contrast physical and living components of different biomes—i.e., regions characterized by their climate and plant life—(ocean).
B-4: Connection between living and non-living components of a local ecosystem.
J-2: Scientific investigations: observations, collect and analyze data, do experiments.
K-1: Alternative explanations for observed phenomena.
L-4: Sketches, tables, graphs, physical representations, and manipulatives to explain procedures and ideas.
L-5: Gather and effectively present information, using variety of media.
M-1: How cultures have found different technological solutions to similar needs or problems.
M-3: How technology has altered human settlement.

Science and Technology  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1.  Systems
A2.  Models
A3.  Constancy and Change
A4.  Scale
B1.  Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.  Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.  Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.  Science, Technology, and Society
D2.  Earth
E1.  Biodiversity
E2.  Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997 (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
A-1: Important individual rights.
B-2: Structure of local and state governments.
D-1: How the U. S. interacts with other countries. History
A-2: Place in chronological order: significant events, groups, people in Maine history.
B-2: Awareness of major events and people in U. S. and Maine history.
C-1: Changes currently occurring in their daily lives; compare to changes in daily life during a specific historic era.
A-1: Construct/compare maps of Maine, the U. S., and regions of the world: interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-2: Ways in which communities reflect the backgrounds of their inhabitants.
B-3: Materials and geographic tools to explain how physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
A-1: Describe barter and money: how each is used to exchange resources, goods, and services.
B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps create economic interdependence between different places and countries.

Social Studies  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1.  Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.  Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.  Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B2.  Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
C1.  Economic Knowledge, Concepts, themes, and Patterns
C2.  Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.  Geographic Knowledge, concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.  Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.  Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.  Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-4: Original works using different media, techniques, and processes to communicate ideas, feelings, and meaning.

Visual and Performing Arts 2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1.  Artist's Purpose
A3.  Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.  Media skills
E1.  The Arts and History and World Cultures

Grades 3-4
Learning Results