5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-3: Characteristics of a successful business.
B-2: Workplace environments and education required for different occupations.

Career and Education Development  2007 (Grades 6-8)
B1.  Relationships among Learning, Work, the Community and the Global Economy
B2.  Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st century
C1.  The Planning Process
C4.  Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

Health and Physical Education  1997 (Grades 5-8)
Health Education
A-5: How the environment relates to personal health.
D-3: Effect of technology on personal and family health.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.  Healthy Behaviors and Personal Health
B1.  Validity of Resources
B2.  Locating Health Resources
C1.  Healthy Practices and Behavior
D1.  Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors
D2.  Technology and Health
E2.   Advocacy Skills
F1.   Decision-Making

Mathematics  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-4: Numerical relationships: graphs, tables, and charts.
F-3: Length, area, volume, and the corresponding units, square units, and cubic units of measure.
G-2: How change in one quantity can result in change in another.
H-3: Tables and graphs: properties and relationships in a practical context.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
B1.  Convert within measurement systems
B2.   Pie charts
B3.   Mean, median, mode and range
D3.   Analyze relationships between quantities
Grade 7
A3.   Direct Proportion
A4.   Percents
B1.   Graphs and Charts
D3.   Understand and use directly proportional relationships
Grade 8
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert across and within measurement systems
B3.   Mean, median, mode and range
D4.   Linear relationships

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability
  • Summarize and describe distributions

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems


  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle  measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Grade 8:


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres

Science and Technology  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-1: Compare systems of classifying organisms.
A-2: Decipher the system for assigning a scientific name to every living thing.
B-2: How finite resources in an ecosystem limit its types and populations of organisms.
B-4: Examples of the variety of ways that organisms interact
F-4: Factors that can cause short-term and long-term changes to the earth.
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
I-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models: represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.
M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery: societal impacts of that invention.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.

Science and Technology 2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C1.   Understandings of Inquiry
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997 (Grades 5-8)
Civics and Government
B-5: Competing ideas about the purposes government should serve
A-2: Sequence of major events and people in the history of Maine, the U. S., and selected world civilizations.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and connections to Maine history with an emphasis on events up to 1877.
B-2: Selected themes in Maine, U. S., and world history
A-2: Maps, globes, charts, models, and databases: analyze geographical patterns on the earth.
B-3: How cultures differ in use of similar environments and resources.
A-3: How incentives affect economic decisions.
B-1: Economic concepts of supply, demand, price, the role of money, and profit and loss.
B-5: Roles and contributions of the principal contributors to the economy.
C-1: Characteristics of traditional, command, market, and mixed economic systems.
D-1: How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade over time.

Social Studies 2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Researching and Developing  Positions on Current Social Studies Skills
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B2.   Rights, Duties, Responsibilities and Citizen Participation in Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-4: Use a variety of resources, materials, and techniques to design and execute art works.

Visual and Performing Arts 2007 (Grades 6-8)
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
B1.   Media Skills
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines

Grades 5-8
Learning Results