9-12 Learning Results

9-12 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-3: Relationship between the changing nature of work and educational requirements.
A-4: Basic business concepts such as profit and loss, the availability of skilled labor, market share, and customer service.
C-1: Integration and application of academic and occupational skills in school learning, work, and personal lives.

Career and Education Development  2007
B1.   Relationships among Learning, Work, the Community and the Global Economy
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal success in the 21st century
C1.   The Planning Process
C2.   Decision-Making
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

Reading Standards for History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1.Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources,

  • attending to such features as the date and origin of the information (grades 9-10)
  • connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole (grades 11-12)

3. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them (grades 9-10)

3. Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain (grades 11-12)

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text…

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

9. Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources (grades 9-10)

9. Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources (grades 11-12)

Writing Standards for History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation


Health and Physical Education  1997
Health Education
A-5: How the environment relates to personal and community health.

Health and Physical Education  2007
C1.   Healthy Practices and Behaviors
D1.   Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors

Mathematics  1997
C-2: Charts, tables, and graphs: summarize data from practical situations.
C-4: Random sampling and its role in statistical claims and designs for data collection.
F-1: Measurement tools and units: recognize limitations in their precision.
G-1: Create a graph: real-life situation and inferences.
J-1: Situations where more than one logical conclusion can be drawn from data.

Mathematics  2007
B2.   Correlation, cause and effect
B3.   Distributions and descriptive statistics
B4.   Random sampling
D5.   Relationships and problem-solving

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Geometric Measurement and Dimension

  • Explain volume formulas and use them to solve problems

Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data

  • Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable

Science and Technology  1997
A-2: Similarities and differences among organisms within each level of the taxonomic system (kingdom through species).
A-3: Basic characteristics of living things, including need for food, water, and gases and the ability to reproduce.
B-3: Factors that affect population size.
B-4: Impact of human and other activities on change in ecosystems.
F-2: Potential effects of changes in the earth’s oceans and atmosphere.
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
J-2: Verify, evaluate, and use results: analyzing and interpreting data, making predictions based on observed patterns, testing solutions against the original problem conditions, and formulating additional questions.
J-3: Use scientific inquiry and technological method with short term and long term investigations: more than one way to solve a problem; when to try different strategies.
J-4: Design and construct a device for a specific function, then redesign for improvement.
K-1: Alternative explanations: evidence necessary to support them.
K-2: Why agreement among people does not make an argument valid: situations where more than one logical conclusion can be drawn.
I-1: Analyze for accuracy in design and findings of experiments.
I-3: Symbols, pictures, diagrams, scale drawings, and models: represent and simplify real-life situations; solve problems.
M-1: Impact of political decisions on science and technology.
M-2: Importance of resource management, controlling environmental impacts, and maintaining natural ecosystems.
M-3: Ethical use of new scientific or technological developments.
M-4: Impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-5: Historical relationships between prevailing cultural beliefs and breakthroughs in science and technology.
M-6: Issues that illustrate effects of technological imbalances and suggest solutions.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C1.   Understandings of Inquiry
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
D2.   Earth
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems
E5.   Evolution

Social Studies  1997
Civics and Government
A-1: Position on a public policy issue.
B-2: Jurisdictions and roles of local, state, and federal governments in relation to a public policy issue.
A-1: Major events and people that characterize each of the significant eras in the United States and world history. [Fisheries play a role in all eras.]
A-1: Mapping to answer complex geographic and environmental problems.
B-1: Factors which shape places and regions over time.
B-2: Cultural characteristics that make specific regions of the world distinctive.
B-3: How technologies contribute to cultural sharing and separation; examples of spread of cultural traits.
B-1: Factors that impact development and distribution of a product.
B-2: Role of government in the U. S. economic system.
B-3: Impacts of advertising techniques on human behavior.
B-4: Full costs associated with use of natural and human resources to produce goods and services.
C-2: Compare strengths and weaknesses of the market economy with other economic models, using broad societal goals.
D-2: Effect on international trade of domestic policies which encourage or discourage exchange of goods and services.

Social Studies  2007 
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B2.   Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
B-4: Create works that reflect concepts, theories, approaches, and styles from own and other cultures.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
Visual Arts
A1.  Artist’s Purpose
A3.  Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.  Media Skills

Grades 9-12
Learning Results