K-2 Learning Results

K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007.  They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation 1997

A-2: Strengths and interests required in a job, at home, at school, or in the community.
A-3: Local career opportunities.
B-2: Preparation necessary for a career of interest.
C-1: Examples of technology applied at home, school, or work.
C-2: Effects of technology on where people live, communication, travel, goods and services.
D-3: Importance of conservation of resources.

Career and Educational Development  2007
A4.  Career and Life Roles
B2.  Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century

Comon Core State Standards-English Language Arts-2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Maine’s Fisheries, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Units that most closely correspond with this web chapter are Fisheries: The Fin Fish and Lobsters and Other Shellfish.

Health and Physical Education  1997
C-3: Choose healthful foods.
D-1: Influences of media on health.

Health and Physical Education  2007
C1.  Health Promotion and Risk Reduction
D1.  Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors

Mathematics  1997
A-2: Uses of numbers (prices, recipes, measurement, directions in play).
A-3: Order, compare, read, group, and apply place value concepts: numbers to 1,000.
B-1: Estimation with quantities, measurements, computations, and problem-solving.
C-1: Formulate/solve problems by collecting, arranging, and interpreting data.
E-3: Positional words to describe the relationship of two or more objects. 
F-1:  Length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity.
F-3: Tools for determining length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity; use to solve everyday problems.
I-1: Classify sets of objects into two or more groups using attributes.

Mathematics  2007
A1.  Number notation and place value to 1000 in numerals
A2.  Add and subtract whole numbers with one and two digits
A3.  Recognize fractions
B1.  Units of time, temperature, and money
B2.  Read, construct, and interpret picture graphs
C1.  Geometric figures in two and three dimensions
C2.  Measure length and capacity and use appropriate units
D3.  Create, identify, describe, and extend patterns given a pattern or a rule

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


Counting and Cardinality

  • Know number names and the count sequence
  • Count to tell the number of objects
  • Compare numbers

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Work with numbers 11 – 19 to gain foundations for place value

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects n categories


  • Identify and describe shapes
  • Analyze, compare, create and compose shapes

Grade 1:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure and estimate lengths in standard units
  • Work with time and money
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Science and Technology  1997
A-2: Characteristics of different living things.
A-3: Life cycle of an organism.
B-1: Ways organisms depend upon their environment.
B-2: How almost all animals’ food can be traced back to plants.
B-3: How one change in a system affects other parts of the system.
B-4: Ecological systems on earth.
B-5: Familiar local environments.
C-1: Living things are made up of different parts.
C-2: Plants and animals need food, water, and gases to survive.
C-4: Causes of diseases.
D-2: Characteristics that help organisms live in their environment.
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
L-1: Describe/compare by number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and behavior.
L-5: Simple graphs.
L-6: Objects and pictures to represent scientific and technological ideas.
M-1: How legends, stories, and scientific explanations are attempts to explain the world.
M-2: Two inventions, what they do, how they work, and how they have made life easier.
M-3: Commonly used resources, their sources, and where waste products go.

Science and Technology  2007
A1. Systems
A2. Models
A3. Constancy and Change
A4. Scale
B2. The Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry and Technological Design
E2. The Living Environment – Biodiversity and Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997
B-1: Similarities between families present and past; daily life present and past.
A-1: Maps and other visuals to describe geographic location, direction, size, and shape.
A-1: Goods and services.
B-1: Consumer and product.
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: Where products come from and how we use them.

Social Studies  2007
A1.  Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.  Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.  Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B2. Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
C1. Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-2: Experiment with art forms.
B-1: Major styles and techniques of the arts from different cultural or ethnic groups.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
Visual Arts
A1. Artist’s Purpose
B1. Elements of Art and Principles of Design

B3. Making Meaning
E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines

Grades K-2
Learning Results