5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Note that the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-4:  Relationship among personal interests, skills and abilities, and career research.
B-1:  Develop a personal portfolio that contains critical personal, educational, and career information.
B-2:  Compare workplace environments and education required for different occupations.
C-2:  Research recent technological developments and predict their possible spin-offs.
D-1:  How critical factors such as history, the environment, the economy, or personal characteristics affect individual and family choices.

Career and Education Development  2007
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
B3.   Education and Career Information
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

Mathematics  1997
E-3:  Coordinate system to define and locate position.
F-1:  Structure and use of systems of measurement.
F-2:  Concepts that can be measured directly, or indirectly (e.g., the concept of rate.)
F-3:  Length, area, volume, and the corresponding units, square units, and cubic units of measure.
G-1:  Relationships: tables, graphs, and equations.
G-2:  How a change in one quantity can result in a change in another.
I-1:    Patterns in the world; express patterns with rules.
J-1:   Reasoning using models, known facts, properties, and relationships.
J-2:   Multiple paths to a conclusion.
K-1:  Relationships in algebraic notation.
K-2:  Statistics, tables, and graphs; communicate ideas and information in presentations; analyze presentations of others for bias or deceptive presentation.

Mathematics  2007
Grade 6
A2.   Fractions and decimals
B1.   Convert within measurement systems
C2.   Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C5.   Proportional relationships: indirect linear measurements; scale drawings: linear measurements
D3.   Analyze relationships between quantities
Grade 7
A3.   Ratio and proportion
C1.   Angle properties of lines in the plane
C2.   Perimeter and area
C3.   Use scale drawings to enlarge or reduce plane figures
D3.   Directly proportional relationships
Grade 8
A3.   Ratio and proportion
C1.   Properties of polygons
C2.   Angle properties of parallel lines
C3.   Pythagorean Theorem
D4.   Properties of linear relationships

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 6:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations


  • Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Grade 8:

Expressions and Equations

  • Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations


  • Understand congruence and similarity
  • Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres

Science and Technology 1997
F-1:  How the earth’s tilt on its axis results in the seasons.
G-1:  Past and present knowledge about characteristics of stars; explain how people have learned about them.
G-2:  Concept of galaxies, including size and number of stars.
G-3:  Compare and contrast distances and time required to travel distances on earth, in the solar system, in the galaxy, and between galaxies.
G-5:  Motions of moons, planets, stars, solar systems, and galaxies.
I-2:   Describe the motion of objects.
J-1:   Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
J-5:  How personal bias can affect observations.
K-1:  Ways people form generalizations.
K-7:  Show that proving a hypothesis false is easier than proving it true, and explain why.
K-8:  Construct logical arguments.
L-4:   Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models; represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.
M-1:  Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2:  Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery; analyze societal impacts of that invention.
M-8:  Scientific and technological contributions of diverse people: women, different ethnic groups, races, and physically disabled.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
D1.   Universe and Solar System
D2.   Earth
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies  1997
A-2:  Sequence of major events and people in the history of Maine, the U. S., and selected world civilizations.
B-2:  Selected themes in Maine, U. S., and world history.
B-3:  Selected turning points in ancient and medieval world history; continuing influence of major civilizations of the past.
A-2:  Maps, globes, charts, models, and databases; geographical patterns on  earth.
Economics  1997
D-1:  How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade over time.

Social Studies  2007
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-1:  How the arts originate from human experience, are a communal experience, and encourage kinship with others.
B-2:  Characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.
C-5:  Evaluate work, from their own and other cultures and historical periods, that uses arts elements and principles to persuade and influence.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines