9-12 Learning Results

9-12 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in 2012.

Career Preparation 1997
A-2:  Skills and abilities required in career options; relate them to own skills and abilities.
A-3:  Relationship between the changing nature of work and educational requirements.
B-1:  Career planning process: self-assessment, personal development, and career portfolio to gain initial entry into the workplace.

Career and Education Development  2007
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
C3.   Influences on Decision-Making
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

Reading Standards for History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1.Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources,

  • attending to such features as the date and origin of the information (grades 9-10)
  • connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole (grades 11-12)

3. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them (grades 9-10)

3. Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain (grades 11-12)

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text…

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

9. Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources (grades 9-10)

9. Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources (grades 11-12)

Writing Standards for History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation

Mathematics  1997
F-1:  Measurement tools and units; recognize limitations in their precision.

Mathematics  2007
B1.   Precision and accuracy
C1.   Polygons
C2.   Circles
C3.   Trigonometry

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


Trigonometric Functions

  • Extend the domain of trigonometric functions using the unit circle


Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry

  • Define trigonometric ratios and solve problems involving right triangles
  • Apply trigonometry to general triangles


  • Understand and apply theorems about circles
  • Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles

Geometric Measurement and Dimension

  • Visualize relationships between two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects

Science and Technology  1997
G-1:  How scientists gather data about the universe.
G-3:  How astronomers measure interstellar distances.
H-2:  How light is reflected and refracted (deflected) by mirrors and lenses.
J-1:  Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
J-3:  Use scientific inquiry and technological method with short term and long term investigations; more than one way to solve a problem; when to try different strategies.
K-1:  Alternative explanations; evidence necessary to support them; why agreement among people does not make an argument valid.
K-6: Situations where more than one logical conclusion can be drawn.
L-1:  Accuracy in design and findings of experiments.
L-3:  Appropriate symbols, pictures, diagrams, scale drawings, and models; represent and simplify real-life situations and solve problems.
L-4:  Graphs, tables, and maps; make arguments and draw conclusions.
L-5:  Models: how they do and do not effectively represent real phenomenon.
L-7:  Computers: organize data, generate models, and do research for problem solving.
M-4:  Impacts of various scientific and technological developments.
L-5:  Historical relationships: prevailing cultural beliefs and breakthroughs in science and technology.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C1.   Understandings of Inquiry
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
D1.   Universe and Solar System
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies  1997
A-1:  Major events and people in significant eras in the U. S. and world history.
B-2:  Major events in ancient and modern world history; connection to U. S. history.
B-3:  Lives of individuals who have had a major influence on history.
B-5:  Explain how different ways of knowing and believing have influenced human history and culture.
C-1:  Formulate historical hypotheses regarding a specific issue; make predictions about the future of the issue.
A-1:  Mapping: answer complex geographic and environmental problems.
A-2:  Ways maps reflect economic, social, and political policy/decision making.
B-3:  How technologies contribute to cultural sharing and separation; examples of the spread of cultural traits.

Social Studies  2007
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
B-3:  Characteristics and purposes of various visual and/or performing art works across time and among cultural and social groups; how they fulfill social, religious, or ceremonial functions in a particular cultural and historical context.B-5:  Develop visual and/or performing art work in response to historical, social or cultural condition using a variety of forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines