5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results grade levels groupings are divided into Grades 3-4 and 6-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation  1997 (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Workplace environments and education required for different occupations.
D-1: How history, environment, economy, or personal characteristics may affect individual and family choices.

Career and Educational Development  2007  (Grades 6-8)
B1.   Relationships among Learning, Work, the Community, and the Global Economy
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas of information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts

8. Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 5-8)
Health Education
A-1: Relationship between healthy behaviors and the prevention of injury, illness, and disease.
D-1: Influence of cultural beliefs on health behaviors and the use of health services.
D-3: Effect of technology on personal and family health.
Physical Education
B-1: Correct use of skills in simplified versions of physical activities.

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Multi-step, real-life problems including those with ratio and proportion.
E-3: Coordinate system to define and locate position.
F-1: Systems of measurement.
F-2: Concepts that can be measured directly or indirectly (e.g., the concept of rate).
F-3: Length, area, volume, and units, square units, and cubic units of measure.
G-1: Represent relationships with tables, graphs, and equations.
H-3: Tables and graphs to identify properties and relationships in a practical context.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2.    Express fractions as decimals
A3.    Add, subtract, multiply and divide mixed numbers
A4.    Express relative quantities as percentages, decimals, and fractions
A5.    Multiply and divide decimals
B1.    Convert within measurement systems
B2.    Pie charts  
B3.    Mean, median, mode, and range
C1.    Represent solid figures in two dimensions
C2.    Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C3.   Volume and surface areas of right prisms with triangle and quadrilateral
C5.   Proportional relationships for measurement
Grade 7
A1.   Integers, fractions, and decimals
A3.   Ratio and proportion
A4.   Use percents to solve problems
B2.   Graphs and charts
C2.   Perimeter and area
C3.   Scale drawings
Grade 8
A1.   Express numbers using scientific notation
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert across and within measurement systems
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range, and quartiles
C1.   Properties of polygons
C4.   Volume and surface area of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, and figures composed of these solids

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 6:

Ratio and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Reason about and solve one-variable equations and inequalities
  • Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Grade 7:

Ratio and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations


  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Grade 8:


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres

Science and Technology  1997  (Grades 5-8)
C-4: Causes and effects of diseases, transmission, and prevention strategies.
I-1: Motion of objects using knowledge of Newton’s Laws.
I-3: Ways machines can provide mechanical advantages in producing motion.
L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models to represent real objects, locations, and relationships.
M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery, and societal impacts of invention.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science
D2.   Earth
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 5-8)
A-1: Effects of historical changes on daily life.
A-3: Trace simultaneous events in various parts of the world during a specific era.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and connections to Maine history with emphasis on events up to 1877.
C-4: Ethnic and cultural perspectives missing from an historical account; describe these points of view.
C-5: Historical questions based on  primary and secondary sources including documents, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, etc.
A-1: Globe and maps of the world and its sub-regions; identify patterns of human settlement, major physical features, and political divisions.
B-3: How cultures differ in use of similar environments and resources.
B-1: Concepts of supply, demand, price, role of money, and profit and loss.
B-4: Impact that major events and technological advancements have had on the Maine economy and predict future economic trends and career opportunities.
C-2: How different economies meet basic wants and needs over time.
D-1: How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade over time.
D-2: How world trade issues can affect a nation’s economy; how trade can influence and transform societies.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Civics and Government
B3.   Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in History
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 5-8)
A-1: How the arts originate from human experience, are a communal experience, and encourage kinship with others.
B-2: Characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.
B-3: Cultural values as expressed in works; explain how these values may differ from those of their own daily experience.
B-4: Characteristics and purposes of works that share similar subject matter, historical periods, ethics, or cultural context.
B-5: How the factors of time and place (such as climate, resources, ideas, and technology) are reflected in visual and performing arts.
B-6: Ways various arts activities enrich people’s artistic, intellectual, social, and emotional responses.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 6-8)
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and other Disciplines