9-12 Learning Results

9-12 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-2: Skills and abilities required in a variety of career options; relate to their own skills and abilities.
A-3: Relationship between the changing nature of work and educational requirements.

Career and Educational Development  2007
B1.   Relationships among Learning, Work, the Community, and the Global Economy
C4.   Social Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source;

  • provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text (grades 9-10)
  • provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas (grades 11-12)

3. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them (grades 9-10)

3. Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain (grades 11-12)

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text,

  • including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science (grades 9-10)
  • including analyzing where the text leaves matters uncertain

9. Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources (grades 9 – 10)

9. Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources (grades 11-12)

Health and Physical Education  1997
Health Education
A-9: How disease-causing microorganisms, family history, nutrition, and other factors relate to the cause or prevention of disease and other health problems.
D-1: How different cultures affect health beliefs and practices (gender equity)

Health and Physical Education  2007
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems
D1.   Influences on Health Practices/Behavior
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997
C-2: Make tallies and graphs of information gathered from immediate surroundings.
F-1: Use measurement tools and units appropriately and recognize limitations in precision of measurement.

Mathematics  2007
C4.   Surface area and volume of three dimensional objects

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Number and Quantity Overview

  • Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems


  • Geometric Measurement and Dimension
  • Modeling with Geometry

Science and Technology  1997
H-5:  Use mathematics to describe the work and power in a system.
I-4:  How forces affect fluids (e.g., air and water).
L-3:  Symbols, pictures, diagrams, scale drawings, and models to represent and simplify real life situations and to solve problems.
M-4: Impacts of various scientific and technological developments.
M-5: Historical relationship between prevailing cultural beliefs and breakthroughs in science and technology.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C4.   History and Nature of Science
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997
Civics and Government
B-1: Compare and contrast the purpose and structure of the U. S. government with other governments.
A-1: Major events and people that characterize each of the significant eras in U. S. and world history: Expanding Nation, Civil War and Reconstruction, Industrial U.S., World in the Nineteenth Century.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and their connection to Maine and world history with emphasis on events after 1877.
B-7: Benefits and conflicts resulting from encounters among cultures.
C-2: Primary and secondary sources in order to differentiate between facts and interpretations, and to support or reject hypotheses.
A-3: How cultural and technological features can link or divide regions.
B-1: Factors which shape places and regions over time.
B-2: Cultural characteristics that make specific regions of the world distinctive.
B-3: How technologies contribute to cultural sharing and separation; identify examples of the spread of cultural traits.
B-1: Factors that impact development and distribution of a product.
C-1: Impact of cultural values on economic decisions.
D-2: Effect on international trade of domestic policies that encourage or discourage exchange of goods and services.

Social Studies  2007
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-6: Arts as a means of renewal and recreation, as well as an occupational opportunity.
B-1: Compare two or more visual and/or performing arts by identifying the genre, style, historical period and conditions, probable artist, and cultural source.
B-2: Compare and contrast characteristics of visual and/or performing arts within a particular historical period or style with concepts about the period or style from other content areas.
B-3: Characteristics and purposes of various visual and/or performing art works across time and among cultural and social groups; explain how characteristics and purposes fulfill social, religious, or ceremonial functions in a particular cultural and historical context.
B-4: Create works that reflect concepts, theories, approaches, and styles from their own and other cultures.
B-5: Develop visual and/or performing artwork in response to a historical, social or cultural condition.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines