3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards for English Language

Career Preparation 1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Connections between locally generated products and services and the efforts required to create them.
A-4: Value of work to the individual and to society in general.
C-1: How products evolve as a result of technological systems.
C-2: Major components of a technological system (input, process, output, feedback); cite examples in school and/or community.
C-3: Academic knowledge and skills required in specific careers.

Career and Education Development  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A4.   Career and Life Roles
B3.   Education and Career Information

Common Core State Standards--English Language Arts 2012 

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Maritime Communities, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided, but many more are possible, especially with the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum unit "Life on Shore in Maritime Communities" is closely aligned with this web chapter.

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 3-4)
D-1: Influences of culture on health.

Health and Physical Education  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems
D1.   Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 3-4)
F-1: Real-life problems involving measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
I-1: Organized lists, tree diagrams, Venn diagrams, and networks.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
A1.   Number notation and place value to 10,000
A2.   Addition and subtraction
A3.   Multiplication and division
A4.   Fractions
B2.   Bar graphs
C1.   Two dimensional shapes
C2.   Find distance around a figure
C4.   Patterns
Grade 4
A1.   Number notation and place value to 100,000
A3.   Multiplication and division
A4.   Fractions
A5.   Decimals
B1.   Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2.   Tables, line plots, and bar graphs
C1.   Angles, lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles
C2.   Area of a figure
D3.   Relationships and sequences
Grade 5
A1.   Number notation to 10 million
A2.   Multiplication and division
A3.   Problems requiring multiple operations
A5.   Decimals in real world contexts
B1.   Measures of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2.   Line graphs
B3.   Find and use median, mode, and range
C1.   Solid figures
C2.   Area of triangles and quadrilaterals
C3.   Volume and surface area of rectangular prisms
C4.   Describe position and direction in two dimensions
D3.   Tables, rules, diagrams, and graphs

Common Core State Standards-Math 2012

Grade 3:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division
  • Multiply and divide within 100

Number and Operations – Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers.

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and Interpret Data

Grade 4:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
  • Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data

Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hendredths

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data

Science and Technology  1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Living things within a given habitat.
M-3: How technology (e.g., transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.
M-4: Conservation in daily life; renewable and non-renewable resources have limits.


Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
B-1: Why we need governments (e.g., law and order, defense, roads, schools).
B-2: Basic structure of local and state governments.
B-2: Major events and people in U. S. and Maine history.
C-1: Changes currently occurring in daily life; compare to changes in daily life during a specific historic era.
A-1: Maps of Maine, the U. S., and regions of the world; interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-2: Ways communities reflect the backgrounds of their inhabitants.
B-3: Variety of materials and geographic tools to explain how the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
A-1: Barter and money; how each is used in exchange of resources, goods, and services.
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps create economic interdependence between different places and countries.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 3-4)
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.
B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Compare characteristics of works in two or more visual and performing art forms that share a similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.
C-4: Content and styles in various art forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 3-5)
E1.   The Arts and History and World Culture
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines