5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts were added in 2012.

Career Preparation  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Workplace environments and the education required for different occupations.
D-1: How critical factors such as history, the environment, the economy, or personal characteristics may affect individual and family choices.

Career and Education Development  2007  (Grades 6-8)
C3.   Influences on Decision-Making
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas of information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts

8. Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 5-8)
A-1: Relationship between healthy behaviors and the prevention of injury, illness, and disease.
D-3: Effect of technology on personal and family health.

Health and Physical Development  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems
A4.   Environment and Personal Health
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 5-8)
F-1: Structure and use of systems of measurement.
F-3: Length, area, volume, and the corresponding units, square units, and cubic units of measure.
G-1: Represent relationships with tables, graphs, and equations.
H-3: Tables and graphs; identify properties and relationships in practical context.
I-1: Networks to explain practical situations or solve problems.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2.   Fractions and decimals
A3.   Operations with fractions and decimals
A4.   Relative quantities expressed as percentages, decimals, and fractions
A5.   Multiply and divide decimals
B1.   Convert within measurement systems
B2.   Pie Charts
B3.   Mean, median, mode, and range
C1.   Solid figures in two dimensions
C2.   Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C3.   Volume and surface areas of right prisms with triangle/quadrilateral bases
C5.   Use proportion and scale for linear measurement
D3.   Use tables, formulas, diagrams, and graphs to analyze relationships between quantities
Grade 7
A1.   Integers with fractions and decimals
A3.   Ratio and proportion
A4.   Use percents to solve problems
B1.   Graphs and charts
C2.   Perimeter and area
C3.   Scale drawings
D3.   Proportional relationships
Grade 8
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert across and within measurement systems
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range, and quartiles

Common Core State Standards-Math 2012

Grade 6:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve problems

The Number System

  • Compute fluently with multi-digit numbers and find common factors and multiples.


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability
  • Summarize and describe distributions

Grade 7:

Ratio and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems


  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Grade 8:

Expressions and Equations

  • Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations

Statistics and Probability

  • Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data

Science and Technology 1997  (Grades 5-8)
C-4: Causes and effects of diseases, transmission, and prevention strategies.
I-3: Ways machines provide mechanical advantages in producing motion.
L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models to represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.
M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery; societal impacts of that invention.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 5-8)
Civics and Government
A-5: Identify the functions of government: school, local, state.
A-1: Effects of historical changes on daily life.
A-2: Major events and people in the history of Maine, the U. S., and selected world civilizations.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and the connections to Maine history with an emphasis on events up to 1877.
C-5: Formulate historical questions based on primary and secondary sources: documents, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, etc.
A-1: Visualize the globe and construct maps of the world and its sub-regions: patterns of human settlement, major physical features, and political divisions.
B-3: How cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.
B-1: Economic concepts of supply, demand, price, role of money, and profit and loss.
B-4: Impact that major events and technological advancements have had on Maine’s economy; predict future economic trends and career opportunities.
C-2: How different economies meet basic wants and needs over time.
D-1: How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade over time.
D-2: How world trade issues affect a nation’s economy; how trade can influence and transform societies.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History


Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 5-8)
A-1: How the arts originate from human experience, are a communal experience, and encourage kinship with others.
B-2: Characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.
B-5: How the factors of time and place (such as climate, resources, ideas, and technology) are reflected in visual and performing arts.
B-6: Ways various arts activities enrich people’s artistic, intellectual, social, and emotional responses.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 6-8)
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines