9-12 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Math were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-2: Skills and abilities required in a variety of career options; relate to own skills and abilities.
A-3: Relationship between changing nature of work and educational requirements.
C-3: How humans change and adapt technology to their benefit.

Career and Education Development  2007
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source;

  • provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text (grades 9-10)
  • provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas (grades 11-12)

3. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them (grades 9-10)

3. Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain (grades 11-12)

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text,

  • including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science (grades 9-10)
  • including analyzing where the text leaves matters uncertain

9. Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources (grades 9 – 10)

9. Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources (grades 11-12)

Health and Physical Education  1997
A-9: How disease-causing microorganisms, family history, nutrition, and other factors relate to cause or prevention of disease and other health problems.

Health and Physical Education  2007
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems
A4.   Environment and Personal Health
D1.   Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997
C-2: Tallies and graphs of information gathered from immediate surroundings.
F-1: Measurement tools and units; recognize limitations in precision of measurement.

Mathematics  2007
B1.   Precision and accuracy

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


  • Creating equations


  • Geometric Measurement and Dimension

Statistics and Probability

  • Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data

Science and Technology  1997
L-3: Symbols, pictures, diagrams, scale drawings, and models: represent and simplify real-life situations and solve problems.
M-4: Impacts of various scientific and technological developments.
M-5: Historical relationship between prevailing cultural beliefs and breakthroughs in science and technology.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
C4.   History and Nature of Science

Social Studies  1997
A-1: Major events and people that characterize each of the significant eras in the United States and world history…Expanding Nation, Civil War and Reconstruction, Industrial U.S., World in Nineteenth Century.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history; connection to Maine and world history with emphasis on events after 1877.
C-2: Examine and analyze primary and secondary sources to differentiate between historical facts and historical interpretations, and to support or reject historical hypotheses.
A-3: How cultural and technological features can link or divide regions.
B-1: Factors which shape places and regions over time.
B-3: How technologies contribute to cultural sharing and separation; examples of spread of cultural traits.
B-1: Factors (i.e. physical, capital, technology, and monetary resources) that impact development and distribution of a product.
C-1: Impact of cultural values on economic decisions.
D-2: Effect on international trade of domestic policies which either encourage or discourage exchange of goods and services.

Social Studies  2007
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-6: Understanding that the arts are a means of renewal and recreation, as well as an occupational opportunity.
B-1: Compare two or more visual and/or performing arts by genre, style, historical period and conditions, probable artist, and cultural source.
B-2: Compare and contrast characteristics of visual and/or performing arts within an historical period/style with concepts about the period/style from other content areas.B-3: Characteristics and purposes of various visual and/or performing art works across time and among cultural and social groups; how these characteristics and purposes fulfill social, religious, or ceremonial functions in cultural/historical context.
B-4: Create works that reflect concepts, theories, approaches, and styles from own and other cultures.
B-5: Develop visual and/or performing artwork in response to historical, social or cultural condition using a variety of forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines