3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the Maine state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation 1997
C-1: How products evolve as a result of technological systems.

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Our Maine Ancestors, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Units/History Kits most closely aligned with “Our Maine Ancestors” are Native Americans in Maine and The Explorers Come to Maine.

Health and Physical Education 2007
A3.  Diseases/Other health problems  

Mathematics 1997
C-1: Make generalizations and draw conclusions using graphs, charts, and tables.
F-2: Select measuring tools and units appropriate for what is being measured.
K-1: Use simple tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in presentations.

Mathematics 2007
Grade 3
A1.   Number notation and place value to 10,000
A4.   Fractions
B1.   Measurement of time and temperature
B2.   Bar graphs
C1.   Two-dimensional shapes
C2.   Distance around a figure
C4.   Patterns with numbers and geometric objects
Grade 4
A1.   Number notation and place value to 100,000
A4.   Fractions
A5.   Numbers with two decimal places, including money
B1.   Measurement of time, capacity and temperature
B2.   Tables, line plots, and bar graphs
C1.   Angles, lines, relationships between lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles
C2.   Area of a figure
D3.   Tables, roles, diagrams, and patterns to represent relationships and extend sequences
Grade 5
A1.   Number notation to 10 million
A4.   Fractions
A5.   Decimals
B1.   Measurement of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2.   Line graphs
B3.   Median, mode, and range
C1.   Solid figures
C2.   Areas of triangles and quadrilaterals
C4.   Describe position, diagrams, and graphs to analyze relationships

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition
  • Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems
  • Generate and analyze patterns

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
  • Understand decimal notation for fractions and compare decimal fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and Interpret Data
  • Geometric measurement


  • Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properites of their lines and angles

Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition


  • Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Modern and Classical Languages 1997
E-1: How tangible products of the culture such as toys, dress, housing, food, currency, and crafts reflect life in that culture.
E-2: Participate in activities of another culture such as games, songs, celebrations, storytelling, and dramatization.
E-3: Identify and produce types of artworks, crafts, or graphic representations enjoyed or made by their peer group within the culture studied.
F-2: Compare literature, art or music of another culture with examples from their own.

Science and Technology 2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understands about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
D1.   Universe and Solar System
D4.   Force and Motion
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies 1997
Civics and Government
A-1: Identify important individual rights.
B-1: Basic structure of local and state government.
C-1: How the Constitution protects individual rights.
D-1: How the United States interacts with other countries.
A-1: Similarities and differences in the characteristics of individuals who have made significant contributions to society in different eras.
A-2: Place in chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in Maine history.
B-2: Demonstrate an awareness of major events and people in U. S. and Maine history:
C-1: Identify changes currently occurring in their daily lives and compare to changes in daily life during a specific historic era.
B-2: Ways in which communities reflect the backgrounds of their inhabitants.
B-3: Use a variety of materials and geographic tools to explain how the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
A-1: Barter and money.
B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and countries.

Social Studies 2007
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B2.   Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts 1997
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.
B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Compare the characteristics of works in two or more visual and performing art forms that share a similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.

Visual and Performing Arts 2007
E1.   The Arts and History and World Culture
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines


Grades 3-4