5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use Grades 3-4 and 5-8 as groupings, whereas the 2007 Learning Results (and the CCSS) use Grades 3-5 and 6-8. 

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts: Reading for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects 2012

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information(e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally) 

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively

Health and Physical Education 1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-8: Understanding of key health concepts.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 6-8)
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems
A4.   Environment and Personal Health
B-1: Use of skills in simplified versions of physical activities (e.g., a simple dance).

Mathematics 1997 (Grades 5-8)
E-2: Apply geometric properties to real-life problems involving regular/irregular shapes.
F-1: Structure and use of systems of measurement.
F-2: Concepts that can be measured directly, or indirectly (e.g., the concept of rate).
F-3: Length, area, and volume; corresponding units, square units, cubic units of measure.

Mathematics   2007 (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2, 3, 4, 5.   Fractions and decimals
B1.   Convert within measurement systems
B2.   Pie charts
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range
C1.   Solid figures in two dimensions
C2.   Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C5.   Proportional relationships
D3.   Tables, formulas, diagrams and graphs to analyze relationships
Grade 7
A3.   Proportion
A4.   Use percents to solve problems
B1.   Graphs and charts
C2.   Problems involving perimeters and area
Grade 8
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert Units in derived measures
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range, and quartiles

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 6:

Ratios and Proportional Concepts

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Concepts

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations


  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Grade 8:


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres

Statistics and Probability

  • Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data

Modern and Classical Languages  1997 (Grades 5-8)
E-1: Patterns of behavior typical of their peer group in another culture.
E-2: Participate in cultural practices such as games, sports, and entertainment.
E-3: Find products of another culture within their own homes and communities.
F-1: Compare/contrast gestures, other nonverbal behavior across languages and cultures.
F-2: Cultural practices and values relating to family, school, work, and play of people in their own and another culture.
F-4: Influence of products and practices of another culture on their own.

Science and Technology  1997 (Grades 5-8)
D-4: Causes and effects of diseases, transmission, and prevention.
K-5: Identify stereotypes.
L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models: represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.
M-1: Social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery, and societal impacts of that invention.
M-4: Individual’s biological and other impacts on an environmental system.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.
M-8: Recognize scientific and technological contributions of diverse people.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and change vary
A4.   Scale
E1.   Biodiversity

Social Studies 1997 (Grades 5-8)
Civics and Government
B-6: History and functions of Maine state government including the Constitution of Maine.
C-2: Civil rights, liberties, and responsibilities established in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
A-2: Sequence of major events and people in the history of Maine, the U.S. and selected world civilizations.
A-3: Trace simultaneous events in various parts of the world during a specific era.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U.S. history and connections to Maine history.
C-4: Ethnic and cultural perspectives missing from an historical account; describe these points of view.
A-3: U.S. social, political, and economic divisions and the more significant social and political division in world geography.
B-1: How technology shapes the physical and human characteristics of places and regions, including Maine.
B-2: Patterns of migration throughout the world.
B-3: How cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.
B-4: How society changes as a consequence of concentrated settlement.
A-1: How scarcity affects individuals’ decisions about production and consumption of goods and services.
C-2: How different economies meet basic wants and needs over time.
D-2: How world trade issues can affect a nation’s economy and how trade can influence and transform societies.

Social Studies  2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B2.   Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Compare and contrast the characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.
B-3: Compare and contrast cultural values as expressed in works and explain how these values may differ from their own experiences.
B-5: How the factors of time and place are reflected in visual and performing arts.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007 (Grades 6-8)
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines

Grades 5-8