K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007.  They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space. The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation 1997
C-2: Demonstrate the effects of technology on where people choose to live, how they communicate, how they travel, and how they acquire goods and services.
D-3: Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of the conservation of resources. 

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Our Maine Ancestors, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Units/History Kits most closely aligned with “Our Maine Ancestors” are Native Americans in Maine and The Explorers Come to Maine.

Health and Physical Education 1997
Health Education
A-2: Describe the transmission and prevention of communicable diseases.

Health and Physical Education 2007
A3.   Diseases/Other Health Problems

Mathematics 1997
F-3: Select standard and non-standard tools for determining length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity and use them to solve everyday problems.
G-1: Recognize, describe, extend, copy, and create a wide variety of patterns.
I-1: Classify sets of objects into two or more groups using their attributes.

Mathematics 2007
A1.   Number notation and place value
B1.   Units of time, temperature, and money
B2.   Picture graphs
C1.   Geometric figures
C2.   Measure length and capacity
D3.   Patterns

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


Counting and Cardinality

  • Know number names and the count sequence
  • Count to tell the number of objects
  • Compare numbers

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Work with numbers 11 – 19 to gain foundations for place value

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects in categories


  • Identify and describe shapes

Grade 1

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Tell and write time
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand place value

Measurement and Data

  • Work with time and money
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Modern and Classical Languages 1997
D-2: Recognize that languages are interrelated and belong to language families.
E-1: Associate a language with the dress, holidays, and music of a country or region with a different language.
E-2: Identify the unique products of another culture such as toys, food, songs, currency, and crafts.
F-1: Identify similarities and differences between the dress, holidays, food, and music of another culture and those of their own culture.

Science and Technology 1997
B-3: Give examples of how one change in a system affects other parts of the system.
B-5: Describe a familiar local environment.
C-4: Provide examples of causes of diseases.
M-1: Describe how legends, stories, and scientific explanations are different ways in which people attempt to explain the world.

Science and Technology 2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
D1.   Universe and Solar System
D3.   Matter and Energy
D4.   Force and Motion
E1.   Biodiversity
E2.   Ecosystems

Social Studies 1997
Civics and Government
B-1: Understand that all nations have governments.
D-1: Understand that there are other nations with different traditions and practices.
A-2:  Similarities and differences among historical events.
B-1:  Similarities between families present and past; daily life present and past.
B-2:  Cultural origins of customs and beliefs in several places around the world.
C-1: Use artifacts and documents to gather information about the past.
A-1: Maps and other visuals to describe geographic location, direction, size, and shape.
B-1: Human and physical characteristics of the immediate environment.
A-1: Goods and services.
B-1:  Consumer and product.

Social Studies 2007
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
Civics and Government
B1.   Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts 1997
A-1: Investigate the characteristics and purposes of each of the arts to communicate ideas, feelings, and meaning.
A-3: Demonstrate an understanding of the differences in the materials and techniques used to produce selected art works (e.g., the differences among musical instruments, the differences in the materials and techniques used for sculpture, or the differences in techniques used for performances such as singing, pantomime, etc.)
B-1: Recognize samples of major styles and techniques of the arts from different cultural or ethnic groups.
B-5: Create original works that integrate one or more of the characteristics and purposes of artworks from different cultures (include own community and culture).

Visual and Performing Arts 2007
E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines

Grades K-2