3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results divide grade groupings into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, while the 2007 Learning Results divide grades into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997  (Grades 3-4)
C-3: Academic knowledge and skills required in specific careers.

Career and Educational Development  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A4.   Career and Life Roles
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
C1.   The Planning Process

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Shipbuilding, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Shipbuilding: Trees to Ships.

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 3-4)
Physical Education
C-4: Participate cooperatively with partners to improve skill performance during practice.

Health and Physical Education  2007  (Grades 3-5)
I1.   Cooperative Skills

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 3-4)
B-1: Multi-step, real-life problems: four operations with whole numbers.
C-1: Generalizations and conclusions: graphs, charts, and tables.
C-2: Read and interpret displays of data.
F-1: Real-life problems involving measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
A4.   Simple fractions
B2.   Bar graphs
C1.   Two-dimensional shapes
C2.   Distance around a figure
Grade 4
A4.   Simple fractions
A5.   Number notation and place value with two decimal places, in contexts including money
B1.   Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2.   Tables, line plots, and bar graphs
C1.   Angles, lines, relationships between lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles
C2.   Concept of area of a figure
C3.   Congruent figures and line symmetry
Grade 5
A4.   Fractions
A5.   Number notation and place value
B1.   Measurement of time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2.   Line graphs
B3.   Median, mode, and range
C1.   Identify, describe, and classify solid figures
C2.   Area of triangles and quadrilaterals
C3.   Volume and surface area of rectangular prisms
C4.   Describe position and direction in two dimensions
C5.   Reflect, slide, and rotate plane figures
D3.   Relationships between quantities

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Solve problems involving the four operations

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-dogot arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition
  • Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
  • Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles


  • Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles

Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions
  • Apply and extend previous understanding of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition


  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Science and Technology 1997  (Grades 3-4)
H-2: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.
I-1: Effects of different types of forces on motion.
M-1: How cultures have found different technological solutions to deal with similar needs or problems.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 3-5) 
A1.  Systems  
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understanding about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
D3.   Matter and Energy
D4.   Force and Motion

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
D-1: How the U. S. interacts with other countries.
A-1: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in the history of Maine.
A-1: Maps of Maine, the U. S., and regions of the world: interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-3: How the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps create economic interdependence between people in different places and countries.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-4: Original works using different media, techniques, and processes: communicate ideas, feelings, and meaning.
B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Characteristics of works in two or more visual and performing art forms that share a similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose  
A2.   Elements of Art and Principles of Design
A3.   Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.   Media Skills
B2.   Composition Skills
C1.   Application of Creative Process
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines
E4.   Impact of the Arts on Lifestyle and Career

Grades 3-4