K-2 Learning Results

K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
A-2: Strengths and interests required in a job, at home, at school, or in the community.
A-3: Local career opportunities.
C-2: Effects of technology on where people live, communication, travel, goods/ services.

Career and Education Development  2007
A2.   Beliefs and Behaviors that Lead to Success
A4.   Career and Life Roles
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
B3.   Education and Career Information
C1.   The Planning Process 

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Shipbuilding, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Shipbuilding: Trees to Ships.

Health and Physical Education  1997
Physical Education
C-2: Cooperative skills in physical activities.

Health and Physical Education  2007
I1.   Cooperative Skills

Mathematics  1997
A-1: Understanding of what numbers mean.
A-2: Uses of numbers (e.g., prices, recipes, measurement, directions in play).
B-3: Addition and subtraction: materials, strategies, and symbols.
C-2: Tallies and graphs: information gathered from immediate surroundings.
F-1: Length, time, temperature, weight, and capacity.
G-1: Recognize, describe, extend, copy, and create patterns.
I-1: Classify sets of objects using attributes.

Mathematics  2007
A1.   Number notation and place value to 1000
A2.   Add and subtract whole numbers with 1 – 2 digits
A3.   Fractions
B2.   Picture graphs
C1.   Geometric figures
C2.   Measure length and capacity
D3.   Patterns

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


Counting and Cardinality

  • Know  number names and the count sequence
  • Count to tell the number of object
  • Compare numbers

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Work with numbers 11 – 19 to gain foundations for place value

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category


  • Identify and describe shapes
  • Analyze, compare, create and compose shapes

Grade 1:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Extend the counting sequence
  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Add and subtract within 20
  • Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand place value
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract

Measurement and Data

  • Measure and estimate lengths in standard units
  • Relate addition and subtraction to length
  • Work with time and money
  • Represent and interpret data


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Science and Technology  1997
I-1: Ways to describe the motion of an object.
I-2: Motion of an object can be changed.
M-2: Inventions: what they do, how they work, and how they have made life easier.
M-3: Commonly used resources, sources, and waste products.

Science and Technology  2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Differences in scale
B1.   Conduct and communicate results of simple investigations
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
D3.   Matter and Energy

Social Studies  1997
B-1: Similarities between families now and past, including daily life today and in other times.
C-1: Artifacts and documents to gather information about the past.
A-1: Maps and other visuals: geographic location, direction, size and shape.
A-1: Goods and services, giving examples.
B-1: Explain consumer and product.
D-1: Where products come from and how we use them.

Social Studies  2007
A1. Research and Develop Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-10: Ways in which the arts can be used in interdisciplinary activities.
B-1: Samples of major styles/techniques of the arts from different cultural/ethnic groups.
B-5: Original works that integrate characteristics and purposes of artworks from cultures (include own community and culture).

Visual and Performing Arts  2007
Visual Arts
A1.  Artist’s Purpose
A2.  Elements of Art and Principles of Design
A3.  Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B3.  Making Meaning
C1.  Application of Creative Process
E2.  The Arts and Other Disciplines  

Grades K-2