3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use grade groupings of 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results use 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation  1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Connections between locally-generated products and services, and
 efforts required to create them.
A-5: Awareness of students’ own interests, aptitudes, and abilities.

Career and Education Development  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A4.   Career and Life Roles
B2.   Skills for Individual\Personal Success in the 21th Century

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Working the Bay, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called Work Around the Bay.

Health and Physical Education  1997 (Grades 3-4)
Health Education
D-3: Ways technology affects personal health.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 3-5)
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997 (Grades 3-4)
A-1: Read, compare, order, classify, and explain whole numbers up to one million.
B-1: Solve multi-step, real-life problems using the four operations with whole numbers.
F-1: Solve and justify solutions to real-life problems involving the measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
K-1: Tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in a concise and clear manner.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
A1.   Number notation and place value to 10,000
A2.   Add and subtract
A2.   Fractions
B1.   Measurement of time and temperature
B2.   Bar graphs
C1.   Two-dimensional shapes
C2.   Distance around a figure
D4.   Patterns
Grade 4
A1.   Number notation and place value to 1000,000
A3.   Multiply and divide
A4.   Fractions
A5.   Decimals in real world contexts, including money
B1.   Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2.   Tables, line graphs, and bar graphs
C1.   Angles, lines, quadrilaterals, and triangles
C2.   Area of a figure
D3.   Relationship between quantities and extend sequences
Grade 5
A1.   Number notation to 10 million
A2.   Problems with multiple operations
A5.   Numbers with 3 decimal places
B1.   Measures of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2.   Line graphs
B3.   Median, mode, and range
C1.   Solid figures
C2.   Area of triangles and quadrilaterals
C3.   Volume and surface area of rectangular prisms
C4.   Describe position and direction in two dimensions
D3.   Relationship between quantities

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division
  • Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area ot multiplication and to addition
  • Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems
  • Generate and analyze patterns

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
  • Build fractions from unit fractions
  • Understand decimal notation for fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement


  • Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of lines and angles

Grade 5

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Analyze patterns and relationships

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with  multi-digit whole numbers and decimals to hundredths

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: volume


  • Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Science and Technology 1997  (Grades 3-4)
E-1: How physical properties of objects sometimes change when one object chemically
 combines with another.
F-2: Understanding that many things about the earth (e.g. climate) occur in cycles that vary in length and frequency.
F-3: Differences among minerals, rocks, and soils.
H-1: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.
J-2: Scientific investigations: make observations, collect and analyze data, and do experiments.
M-2: How technology (e.g. transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.

Science and Technology  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1. Systems
A2. Models
A3. Constancy and Change
A4. Scale
B1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2. Understandings about Science and Technology
C3. Science, Technology, and Society
D3. Matter and Energy
D4. Force and Motion
E1. Biodiversity
E2. Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997 (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
D-1: How the United States interacts with other countries.
A-2: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in the history of Maine.
C-1: Changes currently occurring in daily lives; compare to changes in daily life in the past.
A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the United States, and regions of the world to interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-3: Use materials/geographic tools to explain how physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
B-1: Identify the three basic economic questions all economic systems must answer: What to produce? How? For whom?
B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and communities.

Social Studies  2007 (Grades 3-5)
A1. Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2. Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3. Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
C1. Economic Knowledge, concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global connections in Economics
D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 3-4)
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007 (Grades 3-5)
E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines