5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Note that the 1997 Learning Results use grade groupings of 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results use 3-5 and 6-8.

Career Preparation  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-3: Connections between locally-generated products and services, and efforts required to create them.
A-5: Awareness of students’ own interests, aptitudes, and abilities.

Career and Education Development  2007 (Grades 6-8)
B1.   Relationships among learning, Work, the Community, and the Global Economy
B2.   Skills for Individual/Personal Success in the 21st Century
B3.   Education and Career Information
C1.   The Planning Process
C2.   Decision-Making
C3.   Influences on Decision-Making
C4.   Societal Needs and Changes that Influence Workplace Success

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts  

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print or digital texts.

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused question that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation


Health and Physical Education  1997 (Grades 5-8)
Health Education
D-3: Ways technology affects personal health.

Health and Physical Education  2007 (Grades 6-8) 
D2.   Technology and Health

Mathematics  1997 (Grades 5-8)
A-1: Read, compare, order, classify, and explain whole numbers up to one million.
B-1: Solve multi-step, real-life problems using the four operations with whole numbers.
F-1: Solve and justify solutions to real-life problems involving the measurement of time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
K-1: Use tables and graphs to communicate ideas and information in a concise and clear manner.

Mathematics  2007 (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2.   Fractions and decimals
A3.   Add, subtract, multiply and divide
A4.   Express relative quantities as percentages and as decimals and fractions
A5.   Multiply and divide decimals up to three decimal places
B1.   Convert within measurement systems and use measures of mass and weight
B2.   Pie charts
B3.   Mean, median, mode, and range
C1.   Solid figures in two dimensions
C2.   Perimeters and areas of geometric figures
C3.   Volume and surface areas of right prisms with bases that are triangles and quadrilaterals
C5.   Proportional relationships: indirect linear measurements; scale drawings: linear measurements
D3.   Relationships between quantities
Grade 7
A3.   Ratio and proportion
A4.   Percentages
B1.   Graphs and charts; draw inferences
C1.   Angle properties of lines
C2.   Solve problems involving perimeter and area
C3.   Concept of scale drawings
Grade 8
A1.   Numbers using scientific notation from real-life contexts
B1.   Derived measures
B2.   Convert across/within measurement systems; units in derived measures
B3.   Mean, median, mode, range, quartiles
C1.   Properties of polygons
C4.   Volume and surface areas of composed figures

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 6:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

The Number System

  • Compute fluently with multi-digit numbers and find common factors and multiples


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability
  • Summarize and describe distributions

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations


  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population
  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations
  • Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models

Grade 8:


  • Use functions to model relationships between quantities


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres

Statistics and Probability

  • Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data

Science and Technology  1997 (Grades 5-8)
E-1: How the physical properties of objects sometimes change when one object chemically
 combines with another.
F-2: Understanding that many things about the earth (e.g. climate) occur in cycles that vary in
 length and frequency.
F-3: Differences among minerals, rocks, and soils.
H-1: Ways different forms of energy can be produced.
J-2: Conduct scientific investigations: make observations, collect and analyze data, and do experiments.
M-2: How technology (e.g. transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.

Science and Technology  2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B1.   Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understandings about Science and Technology
C3.   Science, Technology, and Society
D2.   Earth
D3.   Matter and Energy
E2.   Ecosystems
E5.   Evolution

Social Studies  1997 (Grades 5-8)
Civics and Government
D-1: Examples of how the United States interacts with other countries.
A-2: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in the history of Maine.
C-1: Changes currently occurring in their daily lives; compare to changes in daily life in past.
A-1: Construct and compare maps of Maine, the United States, and regions of the world to interpret geographical features and draw conclusions about physical patterns.
B-3: Variety of materials and geographic tools to explain how the physical environment supports and constrains human activities.
B-1: Identify the three basic economic questions all economic systems must answer: What to produce? How? For whom?
B-2: How the economy of Maine affects families and communities.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services helps to create economic interdependence between people in different places and communities.

Social Studies  2007 (Grades 6-8)
A1.   Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
A2.   Making Decisions Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
A3.   Taking Action Using Social Studies Knowledge and Skills
C1.   Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997 (Grades 5-8)
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007 (Grades 6-8)
E1.   The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines